Tinguely is one of the most significant machine artists and a father of robotic art
He was part of the Nouveau Réalisme movement. A term coined by the French critic Pierre Restany in 1960 (in a manifesto of this name) to characterize the work of a group of artists who incorporated real objects (often junk items) in their work to make ironic comments on modern life. The Nouveau Réalisme movement was part of the vogue for assemblage and had affinities with Junk art and Pop art. Restany also recognized a debt to Dada—hence the title of an exhibition he held at his Galerie J in Paris in 1961, ‘40° au-dessus de Dada’ (‘40 Degrees above Dada'). In the following year another representative exhibition, entitled ‘New Realists', took place at the Sidney Janis gallery in New York. Yves Klein was closely associated with Restany in the foundation of Nouveau Réalisme, and among the other leading artists involved were Arman, César, and Tinguely
Jean Tinguely - Méta-Harmonie II - Tinguely Museum, Basel
I spent a lot of time to learn about concret music, pierre henry, Pierre Schaeffer, etc, during my studies in Paris ten years ago, and i still cannot believe his name was never mentioned in this domain in the sixties. Tinguely was more than just a 'visual' artist.
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